If you think runaway inflation is brutal, wait until you get hit by the cure.
Last week the Federal Reserve raised the interest rate on money it lends to other banks by .75%, the biggest hike in three decades. Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell said the hike is necessary to rein in skyrocketing inflation.
He’s planning more hikes in the coming months. They’ll lead to increased interest charges on credit cards and higher rates on home-equity loans, car loans and mortgages. It’s a punch in the gut for people who need to borrow.
Get ready for the interest rates on your credit cards to top a budget-busting 20% two monthly statements from now — up from a current average of 14.6%.
If you’re shopping for a home or a car, adjust your expectations downward. Whatever you thought you could afford, you’ll now be able to afford less because monthly payments will include significantly higher interest costs.
The Federal Reserve has no choice but to act. In fact, it waited too long: The Fed’s mission is to maintain price stability and full employment; inflation hit a new, 40-year high last week.
Inflation is partly global, but in the United States it’s significantly worse than in other developed countries, a San Francisco Federal Reserve report found. Excessive government spending has made the nation awash in cash.
During the pandemic, Uncle Sam deposited money into consumers’ bank accounts, and when COVID lockdowns ended, they went out to spend it. That pushed prices upward. Those giveaways are now causing inflationary pain.
Had the Federal Reserve acted sooner, contends former Obama administration official and investment banker Steve Rattner, the rate hikes would not have to be so drastic and the cure so painful. The Fed “was inexplicably slow,” he says.
Harvard economist and former Treasury official Karen Dynan predicts “generalized pain” in the coming months. “The transition is going to be very difficult,” cautions Seth Carpenter, global chief economist at Morgan Stanley, who adds that it takes a long time for inflation to come down.
That’s the straight story you’re not getting from the Biden administration and its allies. In a Washington Post column, Biden booster Sebastian Mallaby, from the Council on Foreign Relations, applauded the Fed’s hike as “courageous” and praised President Joe Biden for backing Powell.
Truth is, prices are expected to stay high in the coming months. Borrowing to pay those higher prices and keep the family afloat will be prohibitive.
Financial adviser Suze Orman is urging people to pay off their credit-card debt and live within their means. Easier said than done. The average household has to spend $450 more a month for basic necessities like food and energy than last year.
As for mortgage rates, they’re the highest since 2008. The cost of a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage hit 6.28% last week, nearly double what it was at the end of December.
During COVID, the Fed took actions to make mortgages as cheap as possible, but now it’s reversing course. Powell says housing prices “need a bit of a reset.” Look for softer prices but higher borrowing costs.
Borrowers are losers under the Fed’s strategy. But savers are winners. If you have a nest egg, you can shop around and likely get much better interest income on your money.
Job security is another matter. Protesters rallied outside the Federal Reserve building in Washington, DC, last week wearing T- shirts emblazoned with “Full Employment Defenders.” They warned that cooling the economy could jeopardize the jobs of low-level workers. Former Treasury Secretary Larry Summers also says taming inflation is improbable “without a near-term substantial increase in unemployment.” Maybe, but unemployment now is still near historic lows.
The next few months will be tough for many people.
Biden conceded to the Associated Press this weekend that “people are really, really down.” Sorry, Mr. President. Forget the crocodile tears. What we need is for prices to be really, really down.
Betsy McCaughey is a former lieutenant governor of New York.